Sore Throat Symptoms and Remedies
We all know that the sore throat can be defined as a persistent pain or irritation in the throat and adjoining area.
And we also know the unpleasant symptoms:
Sore throat symptoms include painful burning sensation in the throat, pain while swallowing, cough, sneezing, hoarseness of voice, swelling in the neck, bad breath and fever. Sore throat often leads to inflammation and ulcerations in the throat.
Acute viral infection is one of the most common causes for sore throat. Viral infection of the tonsil glands is a common occurrence. Bacterial infection is the next common cause. Bacterial sore throat is caused by two species Streptococcus pyogenes and Arcanobacterium haemolyticum.
Sore throat due to fungal infection is common in immuno-compromised AIDS and cancer patients. Such fungal infections are often referred to as thrush and caused by the yeast fungi Candida. Gastroesophageal reflux disease, chronic sinusitis and smoking can also cause sore throat.
Salt water gargling has been a time tested remedy for sore throat during the initial stages of the infection. The common table salt, sodium chloride controls infection by inhibiting cellular proliferation and also by interfering in the osmotic balance of these pathogens. Salt water gargling does not help in the later or advanced stages of the infections because later stage infections are most often due to the toxins produced by the pathogens.
Black pepper and cinnamon are known home remedy for sore throat infections and associated ear pain. Boil 2 sticks of cinnamon in a small saucepan of water. Add a pinch of black pepper to the mixture. Drink it at one shot as warm as you can. This solution considered one of the best home remedies for sore throat. Black pepper and cinnamon are warm spices which provide immediate relief from pain of throat.
Jacket potatoes or essential oils steam inhalation helps ease respiratory distress that often accompanies throat infections.
Cough lozenges that contain mild antibacterial compounds and herbal formulations do help sore throat in the initial stages. Antibiotics are the drugs of choice to be taken under strict medical supervision for severe bacterial throat infections.
Sore throat of non-bacterial origin is usually treated with anti-allergic drugs. The origin of the infection can be diagnosed with standard laboratory protocols. Regular dietary intake of foods rich in ellagitannins, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Omega-3 fatty acids and Zinc help combat sore throat. Garlic, fennel, coffee and oats are rich sources of bronchodilator compounds that can ease congestion.
I am obliged to inform you that persistent sore throat that lasts beyond ten days and frequent recurrence of sore throat episodes warrant medical attention. This is due to the fact that throat cancer and laryngeal cancer also carry similar symptoms.